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Uranium XAFS analysis of kidney from rats exposed to uranium

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The kidney is the critical target of uranium exposure because uranium accumulates in the proximal tubules and causes tubular damage, but the chemical nature of uranium in kidney, such as its chemical status in the toxic target site, is poorly understood. In this study, micro-X-ray absorption fine-structure (mXAFS) analysis was used to examine renal thin sections of rats exposed to uranyl acetate.

In the preparation of uranium standards for XAFS analyses, uranium adsorbed on 7 different metal scavengers were prepared: Si-TAAcOH, Si-Imidazole, Si-DMT, Si-Cysteine, Si-Thiourea, Si-Thiol.

The concentrations of uranium bound to the functionalized resin were above 15000 µg/g (see table).

Uranium Concentrations
SiliaMetSUranium concentration (μg/g)
Si-TAAcOH149000
Si-Cysteine77640
Si-Amine37400
Si-DMT87530
Si-Imidazole74400
Si-Thiol22500

Homma-Takeda, S. et al. J. Synchrotron Rad., 2017, 24, 456 - 462

 

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  1. SiliaMetS Thiol (SH) (R51030B)

    SiliaMetS Thiol (SH) Metal Scavenger (R51030B)

    Our most versatile and robust metal scavenger for a variety of metals under a wide range of conditions. Best scavenger for: Ag, Hg, Os, Pd & Ru. Good scavenger for: Cu, Ir, Pb, Rh, Se & Sn.
  2. SiliaBond Amine (WAX) (R52030B)

    SiliaBond Amine (WAX) (R52030B)

    SiliaBond Amine (Si-NH2) is an effective scavenger of acid chlorides, sulfonyl chlorides, isocyanates and other electrophiles. Si-NH2 has been shown to be effective metal scavenger and catalyst for Knoevenagel reactions. SiliaBond Amine is also used in chromatography as normal phase sorbent.
  3. SiliaMetS TAAcOH nec (R69030B)

    SiliaMetS TAAcOH nec (R69030B)

    SiliaMetS TAAcOH is an effective scavenger for metals in low or zero oxidation states, which includes many of the most synthetically useful catalysts. Best scavenger for: Ca, Co, Ir, Li, Mg, Ni, Os, Ru & Sc. Good scavenger for: Cr, Cs, Fe, Pd, Rh & Sn.
  4. SiliaMetS DMT (Dimercaptotriazine) (R79030B)

    SiliaMetS DMT (Dimercaptotriazine) (R79030B)

    SiliaMetS DMT is the silica - bound equivalent of 2,4,6 - trimercaptotriazine (trithiocyanuric acid, TMT). It is a versatile metal scavenger for a variety of metals and the preferred metal scavenger for ruthenium catalysts and hindered Pd complexes. Best scavenger for: As, Ir, Ni, Os, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru & Se. Good scavenger for: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Sc & Zn.
  5. SiliaMetS Imidazole (IMI) (R79230B)

    SiliaMetS Imidazole (IMI) (R79230B)

    SiliaMetS Imidazole (Si-IMI) is a versatile metal scavenger for a variety of metals under a wide range of conditions and the preferred metal scavenger for iron catalysts. Best scavenger for: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Ir, Li, Mg, Ni, Os, W & Zn. Good scavenger for: Cr, Pd & Rh. It can also be used as an amine base in systems that are generally sensitive to basic conditions compared to other SiliaMetS supported bases.
  6. SiliaMetS Cysteine (CYS) (R80530B)

    SiliaMetS Cysteine (CYS) (R80530B)

    SiliaMetS Cysteine (Si-Cys) is the silica bound equivalent of the amino acid Cysteine. It is a versatile metal scavenger for a variety of metals including Pd, Sn, Ru, Pt, Cu, Rh, Cd and Sc under a wide range of conditions and the preferred metal scavenger for tin residues.

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